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Damascus Gate (Detail)

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Damascus Gate (Detail)
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Photo Comments

View of the upper portions of the Turkish fortifications on the Damascus Gate.  Left of center is a machicolation—the overhanging turret though which objects and fluids (e.g., molten lead, etc.) could be dumped on attackers below.

Also visible are “loopholes”—narrow slits through which arrows and/or bullets could be fired on attackers.  Note also the crenelations and decorative merlons on the top of the wall.