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View looking south from the synagogue at the foundation walls of houses that date from the first to the sixth century A.D. The thin walls of these houses gathered around a central courtyard (= insulae) indicate that they did not support a second story nor heavy stone roofs. Instead, their roofs were probably composed of small timbers, branches, brush, mud, and plaster—see Mark 2:1–12.
In the background two supporting columns of the modern church are visible.
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